Advertising and Christmas
This blog contains temporary free access to some documents in J. Walter Thompson: Advertising America until 18 January 2021.
The festive season has many attractions and can evoke many emotions depending on what you like: thereâ€™s the family time, the food, the time off, the music, the holiness, the general atmosphere of nostalgia, warm emotion and, of course, the presents and gift giving. Christmas time now results in a huge amount of consumption and purchasing of stuff! And how do we know what things exist and why it may be worth getting? One answer to this is advertising. But thereâ€™s also a further question in whether advertising actually helps create or manufactures those other feelings, emotions or nostalgia as well as simply selling products. Why might we feel all those other warm fuzzy things? How do we know what to feel? There are many reasons of course but the images we see in mass advertising can't be ignored.
Advertising is a fascinating subject for study that touches on many interesting questions of identity, meaning, desires, feelings, aspirations and persuasion among other things. Itâ€™s not often you get to the mechanics of how advertising is made but the archive of one of the worldâ€™s oldest advertising agencies, J. Walter Thompson, lets the light in on the arcane (or is it prosaic?) world of ad creation and helps us think through that dynamic. You get to see exactly what the ad people were trying to do and how they thought they could persuade you to make that purchase and what feelings they were hoping to evoke or leverage.
From the 1960s to the 1990s, Kodak was a giant of the photography world and in 1981, they were pushing their pocket camera, the Sensalite, and hired Thompson to make the ads. Adam Matthew Digitalâ€™s J. Walter Thompson: Advertising America contains treatments and scripts from the company archives that show the development of the ads for this product. In this case, we have the notes for an advert promoting the Sensalite camera featuring Josh Landon, star of Little House on the Prairie. Through the script and brief for the advert entitled Christmas Concert, we see how the agency framed the Kodak Sensalite as a way to capture the most important moments in peopleâ€™s lives â€“ in this case, the Christmas experiences of your children. The ad would conceptualize Landon as a â€śwarmâ€ť and â€śappreciativeâ€ť father attending his sonâ€™s first brass band concert at Christmas; Deck the Halls plays in the background and as he snaps the photo he creates a memory of that special moment.
Kodak: Pocket Cameras Christmas Presentation, 1981, jwtac009008, Reproduced with kind permission from Duke University and Kodak Â© J. Walter Thompson
Another document from the Kodak account on this ad series details more on the feelings the ad wants to create and this is where the interplay of how advertising impacts our lives and perceptions of things gets interesting. The brief is to build on Landonâ€™s â€śÂfatherly imageâ€ť but also to create â€ś a strong sense of sentimentalityâ€ť and to build on the â€śemotionalismâ€ť of Christmas. Which leads us to one of the central questions in studying advertising: are the ad people conjuring these feelings from nowhere and putting them out into mainstream culture for us to ingest and take on such emotions as our own, or are they simply distilling an essence of Christmas that exists â€śout thereâ€ť -independently in culture outside the ad creativeâ€™s head - and just serving what we already feel back to us? Who invented or perpetuates modern Christmas? It may be that advertisers have a hand in helping us know what to feel at this time of year.
Kodak: Naming Committee Review and the New Christmas Spot Guidelines, 1980, jwtac011002, 1980, Reproduced with kind permission from Duke University and Kodak Â© J. Walter Thompson