A Ghost Story for Christmas
Telling ghost stories is now a pastime most commonly associated with Halloween but surprisingly it was once a time-honoured Christmas tradition, with friends and families gathering by the light of an open fire on Christmas Eve to entertain each other with spooky tales.
The custom goes back to at least the early seventeenth century with the practice of telling Winter stories or Winter tales. The peak of its popularity however was undoubtedly during the Victorian era, which witnessed the publication of the most famous Christmas ghost story of them all, Charles Dickens‚Äô A Christmas Carol (1843), whose protagonist the elderly miser Ebenezer Scrooge was visited by the ghost of his former business partner Jacob Marley followed by three spirits.
Later writers would continue the tradition of ghost stories at Christmas into the early twentieth century. The most well-known of these was the medievalist scholar M.R. James, who whilst a fellow at King‚Äôs College, Cambridge, would often tell spine-chilling stories to his students and colleagues on the night before Christmas. These stories were later published in a series of books beginning with Ghost Stories of an Antiquary (1904).
However, the rise in popularity of Halloween as a celebration during the twentieth century led to the gradual decline of the practice of telling ghost stories at Christmas time. This has caused people to be now rather puzzled by the lyrics to the classic Christmas song It's The Most Wonderful Time Of The Year, which includes the words:
There'll be parties for hosting
Marshmallows for toasting
And caroling out in the snow
There'll be scary ghost stories
And tales of the glories of
Christmases long, long ago
Yet a search of Adam Matthew‚Äôs Service Newspapers of World War Two, which includes an extensive range of wartime publications produced for serving soldiers, suggests that the tradition of telling ghost stories at Christmas was still very much alive in the 1940s.
The December editions of many of the forces‚Äô newspapers contain ghost stories to entertain the troops during the festive season and indeed these were considered to be an essential component of the celebrations.
No. 53 of the 229 Times issued on Christmas Day 1944, for example, asserted that, ‚ÄėA ghost story is always topical at Christmas and every paper should have a least one in its Christmas issue.‚Äô
The December 1944 edition of Touchstone, agreed that, ‚ÄėAny self-respecting Christmas number should have a ghost story.‚Äô
At the same time, The Clarion, produced by allied POWS in Stalag VIIIb, went even further, suggesting that, ‚ÄėChristmas, more than any other season, is popularly regarded as a proper time to tell ghost stories, and to argue on the subject of their existence.‚Äô
Perhaps the strongest evidence though comes in the form of the Christmas Edition of Eighth Army News, published on 25 December 1944, which boldly asserted that, ‚ÄėYou can‚Äôt have Christmas without a GHOST story!‚Äô
So in the true spirit of Christmas, I present ‚ÄėThe Mirror in Room 22‚Äô, from Royal Air Force Journal, December 1944, a terrifying tale set in an RAF officers‚Äô mess on the night of Christmas Eve. Turn to page 428 - if you dare!